Egg whites and foams NEA 1

Liquid egg white used for meringue tests to discover what ingredients can be added

I’ve been doing more egg experiments this time with egg whites.

Have been using Liquid Egg white to save wasting so many eggs as there have been lots of tests to do.

The advantage of using Liquid Egg is that I can measure the egg white to use to experiment. My egg whites from eggs measured different amounts in millilitres so I had to beat some together then measure the same amount for experiments.

Use my book Food Science You Can Eat for more help

Love Food Love Science have an excellent website showing egg white foam experiments and the science behind egg white foam formation.

Protein foam formation shows how additives affect the stability of egg white foams.

The age of an egg affects its foaming ability and you can see the tests here.

Egg white and cream of tartar whisk really well but egg yolk is flat

What whisk to use? I found that electric whisks were best to get a fair test for experiments as you can time the whisking time and level of whisking.

You can find the tests for gluten and bread, gluten and pasta and egg whites in our resource Food Investigations NEA 1

Use an electric whisk for a fair test
Meringue recipe testing

I used The Nutrition Program to present the results of the tasting. This is how it is done.

Click My Recipes and name one as Mini meringue test

Put in the basic meringue recipe in Ingredients.

I’m testing to see what happens when I add oil, vinegar and cream of tartar to egg whites.

Go to Star Profile.

For each Taster put in oil, vinegar and cream of tartar.

Then think of Descriptors for sensory appraisal – your tasting work.

I’ve chosen crisp, sweet, chewy, light foamy

Then tasted the meringues and given each a mark out of 5 where 0= not and 5= very.

This is a new function added for NEA 1 test – Click Hide Rating.

I can now see the Star Profile with each meringue tasted.

Then I can write my Evaluations.

Then Download as JPG.

Full marks I hope!!

NEA 1 Food Investigations 10 Tasks
Make a star profile to show meringue tasting results
Evaluation of meringues in star profile

NEA1 Tasks for Food GCSE

Have a look at my latest book Food Investigations NEA1.

There’s step by step on Starch investigations, Chemical raising agents, Gluten – useful structure for the exams.

Test out baking powder to see how it works

Baked gluten ball from strong flour


Book with investigations on starch, gluten, fats and raising agents

Flour in bread – investigation NEA 1

This YouTube video shows how to use the Star Profile of the Nutrition Program to Investigate flours used for bread.

Set up a Star Profile to compare the different flours used in bread. Complete the Star Profile with your results.

Compare Flours for NEA on bread
Compare Flours for NEA on bread
Different flours – thanks to Dave Smith for image

The nutrition of different flours

The amount of gluten, the protein in flour, affects how the flour can be used in cooking.

  • Flours which are high in gluten are used for breads and pastas.
  • Flours which are low in gluten are used for cakes and scones and sauces.

Compare the protein content of different flours

Use the Nutrition Program for this investigation.

  1. Click My Recipes, +New Recipe and call it Flour Investigation.
  2. Find Ingredient Type flour and a whole list is shown.
Nutrition Program list of flours

If you want to look at what flours to use for bread choose 4-5 types

For example

  • flour 00 grade;
  • flour, bread, strong white;
  • flour, plain; flour,
  • self raising, white;
  • flour, gluten free.

Choose them each in turn – the screen shows the Macronutrients for 100 g.

Nutrition Flour 00 grade

To get nutrition for the next flour, Cancel and go back to Find Ingredient.

Collect screen images and put the results of protein in 100g on a table like the one below.

Nutrition strong white bread flour
FlourProtein in 100g
Flour 00 grade11g
Flour strong white bread13g
Flour, plain9.7g
Flour, self raising, white8.9g
Flour, gluten free bread flour, Doves farm4.8g

For NEA 1 research, compare the protein content – my results show that Strong, white bread flour has the most protein and so the most gluten which forms the structure of the loaf.

Use Food Science You Can Eat to help