These are the Hover overs used on the Nutrition Program to help you find the function of nutrients. The Program shows you what nutrients are in your recipes.
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WJEC Vocational Award Level 1/2 Hospitality and Catering Unit 2 AC1.1 Describe functions of nutrients in the human body
Energy – Measured in KJ and Kcal. Needed to keep us alive and active.
Protein – Needed for growth and repair, a source of energy.
Carbohydrates – A source of energy.
Total sugars are all types of sugar in food. A source of energy.
Fat – Good source of energy and supplies essential fatty acids that the body can’t make.
Saturated fat – Too much saturated fat can increase the cholesterol in the blood.
Trans fatty acids – These raise the type of cholesterol in the blood that increases the risk of heart disease.
Starch – Polysaccharide made up of glucose units. Used for energy.
Salt – Essential for cells and control of body fluids. Limit intake to 6g a day.
Sodium – Salt is made from sodium chloride.
Total sugars – All types of sugar in the food.
Fibre – Needed to keep the gut healthy and prevent constipation. Non Starch polysaccharide – needed for healthy digestive system.
NSP Fibre Non Starch polysaccharide – needed for healthy digestive system.
AOAC Fibre – Fibre measurement AOAC includes lignin and resistant starch – higher figure than NSP.
Fat soluble vitamins A and D, E
Vitamin A – Needed for growth, development and eyesight. Retinol and Carotene
Vitamin D – Regulates the amount of calcium and phosphate in the body.
Vitamin E – Helps protect cell membranes by acting as an antioxidant.
Water soluble vitamins -B1 (thiamine), B2 (riboflavin),B3 (niacin),B6 (pyridoxine)
Vitamin C – Needed for healthy skin and tissue, and to aid the absorption of iron. Ascorbic acid
Thiamin – Needed for the release of energy from carbohydrates.(B1)
Riboflavin – Helps release energy from carbohydrates.
Niacin – Needed for the release of energy from carbohydrates.
Vitamin B6 Pyridoxine – essential for good health and red blood metabolism.
Folate – Prevents neural tube defects in developing embryos. (B9)
Vitamin B12 – for blood cells and nerve function. (cobalamin),
Vitamin K – Helps protect cell membranes by acting as an antioxidant.
Minerals – calcium, iron, sodium, phosphorus, iodine,
Calcium – Helps build strong bones and teeth.
Iron – Helps make red blood cells, which carry oxygen around the body.
Phosphorus – Helps build strong bones and teeth.
Iodine – Helps make the thyroid hormones and keep metabolic rate healthy
Water – All body functions need water.