These are the Hover overs used on the Nutrition Program to help you find the function of nutrients.
Energy – Measured in KJ and Kcal. Needed to keep us alive and active.
Protein – Needed for growth and repair, a source of energy.
Carbohydrates are a source of energy.
Total sugars are all types of sugar in food. A source of energy.
Fat – good source of energy and supplies essential fatty acids that the body can’t make.
Saturated fat – Too much saturated fat can increase the cholesterol in the blood.
Mono Unsaturates – These types of fats can reduce cholesterol levels.
Polyunsaturates – These types of fats can reduce cholesterol levels.
Cholesterol – High blood cholesterol is one of the risk factors in heart disease.
Trans fatty acids – These raise the type of cholesterol in the blood that increases the risk of heart disease.
Starch – Polysaccharide made up of glucose units. Used for energy.
Salt – Essential for cells and control of body fluids. Limit intake to 6g a day.
Sodium – Salt is made from sodium chloride.
Total sugars – All types of sugar in the food.
Fibre – Needed to keep the gut healthy and prevent constipation. Non Starch polysaccharide – needed for healthy digestive system.
NSP Fibre Non Starch polysaccharide – needed for healthy digestive system.
AOAC Fibre – Fibre measurement AOAC includes lignin and resistant starch – higher figure than NSP.
Fat soluble vitamins A and D, E
Vitamin A – Needed for growth, development and eyesight. Retinol and Carotene
Vitamin D – Regulates the amount of calcium and phosphate in the body.
Vitamin E – Helps protect cell membranes by acting as an antioxidant.
Water soluble vitamins -B1 (thiamine), B2 (riboflavin),B3 (niacin),B6 (pyridoxine)
Vitamin C – Needed for healthy skin and tissue, and to aid the absorption of iron. Ascorbic acid
Thiamin – Needed for the release of energy from carbohydrates.(B1)
Riboflavin – Helps release energy from carbohydrates.
Niacin – Needed for the release of energy from carbohydrates.
Vitamin B6 Pyridoxine – essential for good health and red blood metabolism.
Folate – Prevents neural tube defects in developing embryos. (B9)
Minerals – calcium, iron, sodium, phosphorus, iodine,
Calcium Helps build strong bones and teeth.
Iron Helps make red blood cells, which carry oxygen around the body.
Phosphorus Helps build strong bones and teeth.
Iodine – Helps make the thyroid hormones and keep metabolic rate healthy.