The Cultured Kitchen

Scobie symbiotice – bacteria and yeast fermenting and working together to create mafgic!

Lactobacillus – same smell as rotting process. ‘Fermenting’ means to boil. Pickling kills bacteria.


fermentation increases the enzymes and vitamins B. Michael Pollen – fermenting on Nexflix.

The sour bit of the palette is not used much.

Kimchi – Chinese leaf, carrot, turnip, spring onion, garlic, chilli and ginger.

Fermentation softens the plant tissue.

You can use red beetroot and cabbage – it burps a lot.

Takes 10 days – 3 weeks to go soft and the longer the softer and more tasty.

Celery, grated carrot and salt.

Method – finely chop the vegetables so they are ‘eat size’.

Squeeze, then pulp with 1-2 teaspoons salt then pack into glass jar. Push down so the brine rises 1cm above the top.

Weight down with a large stone wrapped in cling film. The veg are submerged in the water and brine.


Spaghetti bolognaise – using Nutrition Program

Starter activity
Teaching and learning activity

Comparison and nutritional analysis of buying a ready-made spaghetti bolognaise/ chilli. Using information on the packaging, carry out a nutritional analysis and evaluate the nutritional value of spaghetti bolognaise. Discussion of what makes a good spaghetti bolognaise/ chilli and the main advantages of preparing and cooking your own spaghetti bolognaise. Identify possible adaptations of recipe for vegetarians and special dietary needs.
Main activity
Demonstration of spaghetti bolognaise or chilli.
Questioning for learning topics: ingredients, their functions, uses and nutritional value. Preparation of bolognaise or chilli ingredients, knife skills to prepare vegetables and meat safely and hygienically. Temperature control on the hob, safe cooking times and temperatures. How to prepare, cook and serve up pasta or rice as a carbohydrate accompaniment to dish. Effective techniques to present the dish with a high level of finish and decoration.
Plenary: recipe adaptation to meet current recommendations for a healthy diet. Identify ways to reduce the saturated fat, kcal and salt, but increase fibre content of the dish.
Home learning

Differentiation and extension

Nutritional profile of ready-made spaghetti bolognaise.
Differentiation of skills, quality of outcomes, hygiene and safety workshop routine.
BNF online resources on food hygiene and safety.
Differentiation through effective questioning techniques through use of Bloom’s taxonomy.
Differentiated worksheets and home learning resources to calculate costs of spaghetti bolognaise or chilli.

Learning objectives

To use nutrition information and allergy advice panels on food labels to help make informed food choices.
To explain the importance of selecting dishes to cook, which provide the necessary energy and nutrients to meet teenager’s reference nutrient intakes (RNI).
To explain the importance of good food safety practices when getting ready to store, prepare and cook food.
To modify recipes and cook dishes that promote current healthy eating messages.
To calculate the cost of the dish and compare with a commercial

What is a Hypothesis?

These are definitions taken from GCSE Science which are very useful to use for Food Preparation and Nutrition GCSE NEA 1

A Hypothesis is

  • A statement which may be proved or disproved.
  • A prediction backed up with a scientific reason saying why you think the prediction is correct.

You are

  • Predicting what the outcomes of experiments will be.
  • Using food science words to explain the prediction.
  • Investigating how ingredients work and why.
  • Writing what you think will happen in the Investigation

My views on Food Science Investigations

Students have 8-10 hours for the Investigation – see Exam board requirements.

I have given a spectrum of ideas that can be explored, but there is much more science that can be discovered.
Higher levels for the science investigation are required for the top grades.

The Book and the Powerpoint show realistic Investigations that can be carried out for GCSE within the limits of the school food room.
I’ve chosen foods for investigations that are not expensive, as experiments can fail and food must be thrown away – a mixed message on food waste.  
So there are challenges ahead!

Good luck with the Investigations. Jenny Ridgwell