Type 2 diabetes is a common condition that causes the level of sugar in the blood to become too high.
It’s often linked to being overweight or inactive, or having a family history of type 2 diabetes. This NHS website has good information.
A healthy diet and keeping active helps people with diabetes manage their blood sugar level.
This is the diet advice from NHS website
There’s nothing people with type 2 diabetes cannot eat but they have to limit certain foods. They should:
- eat a wide range of foods – including fruit, vegetables and some starchy foods like pasta
- keep sugar, fat and salt to a minimum
- eat breakfast, lunch and dinner every day – do not skip meals
If people with diabetes eat foods that are too high in sugar, their blood sugar levels can rise to dangerously high levels. Carbohydrates are broken down into sugar, or glucose, and absorbed into the bloodstream and affect blood sugar levels.
Diabetes UK website has useful healthy living tips.
Weight management is very important and people need to manage portion sizes. Link to The Nutrition Program blog on Portion sizes.
It’s really important to get the portion size right otherwise you can eat too much food and get fat.
Foods to include complex carbohydrates such as brown rice, whole wheat, oats, fruit, vegetables, beans, and lentils.
Foods to avoid include processed carbohydrates such as sugar, white pasta, white bread, white flour, and cakes, pastries.